When a dog has puppies, many owners sigh with relief: pregnancy behind, the dog's health nothing threatens, you can focus on taking care of the puppies. But sometimes after childbirth may lead to complications. One of these complications mastitis in dogs.

Mastitis is called acute or chronic inflammation of the mammary gland. Mastitis in dogs can occur for several reasons. The first common cause is trauma. For example, if the puppies injure the mammary gland during sucking, a bacterial infection can enter the wound, leading to inflammation.

The second reason is the stagnation of milk   (it causes so-called stagnant mastitis). Milk stagnation happens if the puppies are too early or wrongly taken away from the mother, or if all the puppies (or most) die, and there is no one to feed. It can also be caused by too intense lactation.

But mastitis in dogs is not always occurs during the period of feeding puppies. It can also be caused by the false Li is anomalously strongly, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or genital tract. Stress, genetic predisposition, high and low temperatures, exposure to chemicals, infections (including secondary with a decrease in immunity), sealed the ducts of the sphincter of the nipple — all of this can cause mastitis in dogs .

If a dog has mastitis, she becomes sluggish, the appetite is reduced or absent altogether, sometimes the body temperature rises. But it is a common symptoms for many diseases. To more accurately detect mastitis by redness and increase of mammary glands that become tight and painful. If you press on the nipples, watery milk is emitted from them with an admixture of greenish-brown or gray-white flakes or pus with blood.

But the final diagnosis only a vet, because mastitis can be confused with other pathologies of the breast, which is treated completely differently. The sooner you contact your vet, the better, because mastitis in dogs develops very quickly. Simple inflammation may develop into an abscess, then the abscess, or even gangrene. The development of mastitis may be accelerated by incorrect treatment or lack thereof, as well as reduced body resistance.

How to treat mastitis in dogs? In the early stages can help conservative (therapeutic treatment). The vet prescribed antibiotics, local anesthetics in the form of lotions or ointments, as well as antipyretic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Apply them to the complex. Do not self-medicate, all medications must appoint a veterinary doctor!

The dog needs to provide full rest. If she feeds the puppies, they must be translated to artificial feeding. If conservative treatment does not help within a few days, and on the breast begin to develop purulent abscesses, need surgery .

Mastitis in dogs — a serious disease, if it is not time to recognize and begin treatment, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, this disease is easier to prevent than to cure later. If you do not plan to mate the dog, it should be sterilized: if the estrus time after time occurs "wasted", that is, the dog does not become pregnant, it can eventually lead to mammary pathologies.

If the dog is lactating (it does not matter if the pup was true or false), the animal should be regularly shown to the vet.Carefully follow the state of the mammary glands of nursing bitches and promptly treat all wounds, scratches and cracks on the nipples and mammary glands. As soon as the puppies will be two weeks, to every week to cut them claws, so they do not accidentally scratch the mammary glands of the mother during feeding.

If a dog gave birth but the litter was unwanted and you are planning to drown the pups, one or two still need to leave, the dog is fed them, it will help to prevent the development of mastitis. With the death of all the puppies Breasts smeared with camphor oil and tight bandage.

Mastitis in dogs is easier to prevent than to cure, so closely monitor your pet and contact your vet at the slightest suspicion of mastitis or any other disease .