Pearl gourami of the suborder labyrinth is a very beautiful fish that wants to get any aquarist. All gourami's are always a decoration for any aquarium, and their extraordinary tactile ventral fins make these fish very interesting.
All labyrinth fish (this suborder include not only gourami, but also chickens, makropody and gourami) got its name from the presence of the labyrinth organ. This organ allows fish to breathe atmospheric air. Of course, like all other fish, this suborder also has gills, but in this case they perform only an auxiliary, rather than a basic function. Therefore, for all labyrinth fish, there must be a surface of water that is not covered by plants. Otherwise, the fish simply suffocates.
Aquarium gourami is very peaceful fish, they relate well to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Sometimes you can even say that the pearl gurus are a bit timid and always try to hide from harassing other fish. To smaller inhabitants of the aquarium fish gurami also treats quietly, so will not fight with them. Yes, and you can not worry that small fish can be eaten by pearly gourami, because the mouths are small enough. The big pieces of food gourami can just choke.
Pearl gourami has a laterally compressed body in the form of an elongated oval. Its color is very beautiful: on the silvery-purple background there are a lot of whitish-cream spots that look very much like pearls. That's why these fish were called pearl gurus. Tactile fins of pearly gurami serve them as an organ of touch. These long tentacles, which have a body length of a fish, gurami feel algae, stones, other fish, glass in the aquarium.
To distinguish males from females at the pearl gourami is very simple. Like all species of gourami, males have a long pointed dorsal fin. But in samochek it is rather short and round at the end. Sexual differences are seen when the fish reach the age of 5-6 months. For spawning, the fish are ready at 8-10 months of age.
Pearl gourami: content
The pearl gourami is a fairly timid fish, so for its content is necessarily the presence of thick algae in the aquarium among which it can hide. Try to keep your aquarium algae were always arranged in small groups, so it will be replaced by open space where the fish can swim, and where she would hide.
For pearl gourami is very important coverage. They love a bright light. The source of its origin is not important for gurami - whether it is sunlight or artificial light. Try to always maintain the warm water temperature in the aquarium. Pearl gourami perfectly feels at a temperature of 25-27 ° C. Also, the fish can tolerate short-term temperature fluctuations from 20 to 30 ° C.
Although the pearl gourami and floats to the surface to swallow fresh air, the crystal clear water is important for it. thereforeprovide good aquarium water filtration. But the strong current is absolutely undesirable. Also, to keep pearl gurus, use soft water. Soften the hard water will help you special reagents. But if you have soft water flowing from the tap, you will not need to use them.
Pearl gourami eats dry food and live. It is important that the size of the food pieces is not very large, otherwise the fish will choke.
To breed the pearl gourami should be in a separate aquarium. A couple of weeks before the spawning season of selected species planted in various aquaria and fed only live food, preferably bloodworms. Stimulate the spawning of fish using the add fresh water and increase its temperature up to 29-30°C. it is Desirable to ensure that the water in the aquarium for spawning was softer than mostly. When everything is ready, you can put the fish in the aquarium for spawning.
Ready to spawning, the male starts building the nest, which is made up of thousands of small air bubbles. sealed with a saliva of a fish. It takes about a day to build a nest for a male. Only sometimes he will be interrupted to eat and show off before the female. When the nest is ready, the fish will spawn. They will swim under the nest that is on the surface of the water. Fallen eggs of the male gourami will collect and spit out into the nest. Among the air bubbles will develop and grow fertilized eggs.
After spawning, the female immediately to transplant from the aquarium. But the male should be left - he will look after the offspring. When the fry will hatch, you can also plant the male. It is also necessary to lower the water level in the aquarium to 6-10 cm and keep it that way for a month, while a labyrinth apparatus is formed in fish. In the first 2-3 days the fry can be fed from the yolk sac, but in the next 5-6 days they will need very small fodder - infusoria. Then you can go to zooplankton.