How to determine the sex of a turtle
Buying a turtle as a pet, the first thing, of course, you want to think of a name. The choice of name depends on the female you bought or male. That's just how to determine the sex of a turtle.
Unfortunately, to reliably determine the sex of a tortoise when buying impossible — she's too young. Typically, the difference between males and females in most turtles that are kept as Pets, it becomes visible only at the age of 6-8 years, when the shell length reaches 10-11 cm. But even in these conditions, determining the sex of a turtle can be difficult for the layman.
To determine the sex of a turtle can be some external differences between males and females, and it can be done much more precisely if you have the opportunity to compare the two turtles. Females of most land and water turtle plastron (the ventral shield of the carapace) flat, while in males it is concave. In some species of turtles (for example, in Chilean), the distance between the plastron and carapace (the dorsal shield of the shell) is greater in females than in males.
Males have the carapace often has more elongated and narrow shape, and in females it is shorter and more rounded. Also worth paying attention to the cloaca. The female cloak is at the end of the carapace and looks like an asterisk; in males it is located farther from the edge of the shell and has the form of a longitudinal line. In most turtles, females are larger than males, because they need to bore eggs, but in some species of turtles, on the contrary, males are larger.
You can try to determine the sex of a turtle by the tail. The males of nearly all species of turtles it is longer and thicker than females. In terms of the length and thickness of the tail, you can determine the sex of the two-flowed, painted decorated, radiant, coal (red-legged), elastic, shpornosnyh, South African beak, boxed (bordered, Amboinsky, Indo-Chinese), oblong, Burmese, small cruciferous turtles, denticle cicicles, elsei, the Forsten turtles, the Mulenberg swamp turtle. In female forest cynics and Indian lobed turtle, the tail is almost invisible, and in males it is pronounced brightly.
Also, the males of some tortoises are best expressed femoral spurs. And many species of freshwater turtles, males have long claws on the front paws. while in females they are much shorter. These include, for example, is decorated with a painted turtle.
Some species of turtles, males differ from females by the color of the iris. Thus, in the males of the Karolin box-shaped turtles, the iris is bright red, and in females it is only slightly reddish. The mountain turtles of Spengler have females in the females, and the males have blue eyes.
Indirectly determine the sex of the turtle will help its behavior.Males have more pronounced sexual behavior than females. They pursue females, flirt, bite their neck, nod their head, inflate their throats, etc. But if your turtle lives in proud solitude, this method is unlikely to help you.
Also, many types of turtles have specific characteristics that distinguish males from females. How to determine the sex of the turtles the turtles? In this case, pay attention to the claws and tail. The males have longer claws and a longer and thicker tail, as well as a more pointed and long nose. Males of red-bellied turtles are noticeably smaller than females.
Have European pond turtles females are also generally larger than males. The plastron in females is flat or slightly convex, in males slightly concave. Also males can "boast" more thick and long tail. Pay attention to the color of the turtle's eyes: in males, the eyes are usually brown, and females have yellow.
Already familiar criteria will help determine the genderthe far Eastern turtle (Chinese Softshell). In this species of turtles, females are larger and larger than males, but males have a thicker and longer tail.
Unfortunately, to determine the sex of a turtle until she reached puberty (and that takes a few years), it is very difficult. and sometimes it is impossible. Yes, when a tortoise of sexual maturity reaches a layman, this task may not be possible, especially if the turtle has no one to compare with.