Urolithiasis in cats
Urolithiasis in cats at the moment, is the most common disease. And worst of all, to see the first symptoms of kidney stones or sand in the urine is a hollow system of the animal impossible. The cat becomes suddenly bad, and the owner is nothing left to do, like urgently to carry your pet to the doctor.
Urolithiasis, urolithiasis, urological syndrome — these are all various names for the same disease that affects both humans and Pets. In this case most often urolithiasis affects neutered animals. But even an uncastrated cat may also have stones and sand in the bladder.
Urolithiasis in cats is much rarer than in cats. All because of the diameter of the lumen of the urethra. In cats, it is three times less than in cats. That is why urolithiasis is manifested in cats so often.
There two kinds of stones that are formed in the bladder of the animal. oxalates (oxalic acid salts) and stevorites (phosphates). Other types of stones in cats are very rare. The appearance of these or other types of stones is facilitated by various factors. Most often this is an improper diet. So, here you can include various cheap feeds, raw meat and fish. But you can not also write off the hereditary predisposition, the disturbed metabolism, too little water, sedentary lifestyle, obesity. All these factors together lead to the formation of stones in the bladder of the animal.
Sand and stones can be formed for a long time. In this case the animal feels no discomfort. nothing hurts him. Pain when urinating appears then, then the stones clog the lumen of the urethra. At this time, the owners of the animal can notice such characteristic signs of urolithiasis:
- the animal could not go to the toilet, the urine flows in a thin stream, it might be blood and a small oxalates
- for difficulty urinating indicates the position in which it sits animal: cat can be a bit arch your back, the muscles of the body tense, his head slightly lowered. Also, the animal may be a cat.
- the animal is often licks the opening of the urethra to facilitate urination
- very often the animal goes to the toilet
- animal peeing in different places.
In the most severe cases, the stone can completely block the urethra. In this case the animal cannot go to the toilet. Also, the cat becomes fearful, hammered into a corner, refuses to eat. In addition, the animal has fever, his belly swells.
Kidney stones: treatment
It is very important at this time to help your animal. You can put a heating pad on your belly and the crotch of the cat. But massaging the stomach is not recommended, so as not to damage the bladder. In addition, required as soon as possible to go to the vet. otherwise the animal will have an intoxication of the organism, and also the bladder can burst. Without prompt treatment to the doctor in 2-3 days the animal will die.
The vet will examine the animal, put a catheter, will give the necessary medications to relieve the pain. Also your cat will make an ultrasound to find out what size stones are. In the worst case, the animal will need surgery.
Worst of all, to get rid of kidney stones impossible. Of course, to treat your pet in various diuretic teas, medicines (antibiotics). All medications will appoint a veterinarian, therefore it is not necessary to treat the cat!
But special diet your animal will have to sit now always. From the diet of the animal, it will be necessary to exclude any cheap feed. Suitable only expensive good food and canned food from jars. It will also be necessary to completely exclude from the ration of the animal salty or sweet foods, raw meat (chicken, turkey, beef, pork), fish. Fresh water should be at the cat constantly, only not from under the tap, but boiled. Also, try to alternate different types of feed to avoid prolonged use of monotonous products.
Also do not forget that now your furry favorite will have toevery six months to check for urine formation of stones. If once the stones were removed, this does not mean that they can not form again. Therefore, be cautious about this disease, because it affects about 13.5% of all cats, which is the highest rate among all diseases.