Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases. She's not only sick people but also some animals. For example, epilepsy in dogs — not such a rare phenomenon. About the causes, symptoms and treatment of epilepsy in dogs will tell you the country of the Soviets.

Epilepsy affects all breeds of dogs, but some breeds of dogs the risk of developing epilepsy is higher than the rest. These include, for example, dachshunds, boxers, cocker spaniels, St. Bernards, Labradors retrievers, golden retrievers, hounds, Irish setters, Belgian and German shepherds and some other breeds of dogs. Predisposition to epilepsy is genetically determined, but the exact mechanism of its inheritance is unknown.

Often confused with epileptic seizures in dogs. related to some diseases (infections, tumours, poisonings, etc.). Such seizures is called secondary epilepsy, but epilepsy actually they are not and are if to cure the underlying disease. Primary (true) epilepsy in dogs is not treated. one can only cope with its symptoms (epileptic seizures).

Usually the first epileptic seizure occurs in dogs aged from six months to five years. The degree of his seriousness can be different - from slight twitching to severe seizures. There are some factors that increase the likelihood of epileptic seizures. For example, in bitches epileptic seizures can worsen at heat, true or false pregnancy.

An epileptic seizure has three stages. The first is called "aura". The dog becomes restless, starts whining, tries to escape, to hide, there is also increased salivation.

The second stage - the ictal (actually seizure) - is accompanied by cramps. During seizures may be involuntary defecation and urination (due to the tension of the abdominal muscles), the dog may bite tongue, cheek, and the result is a rumpled stained with blood frothy saliva. A seizure is often accompanied by screeching, whining, etc.

The third stage is postictally. For some time after the attack, salivation may continue, the dog will be disoriented. Some dogs after the epileptic seizures are depressed and inactive, some - on the contrary, are nervous and restless.

Despite the fact that an epileptic seizure in a dog may look quite scary, it usually does not threaten the life of the animal. How to help the dog during a seizure?  A common mistake of the owners is to try to open the dog's jaw. Contrary to popular misconception, the dog is unlikely to suffocate during a seizure. But, trying to release the jaws by force, you can injure the dog or get injured themselves.

All you have to do is stay close with your pet and gently support his head, or at least to put under her soft pillow, that during the convulsions the dog hit his head and did not receive additional trauma. If the attack is very strong, or seizures do not stop more than half an hour, an urgent need to take the dog to the vet. To try to do dog injections of anticonvulsants is not recommended.

As we have said, epilepsy in dogs is not treated, you can only cope with the symptoms. For the treatment of epileptic seizures using anticonvulsant drugs, which appoints the vet. Only a veterinarian can correctly choose the individual drug and its dosage depending on the breed, sex, age of the dog and other of its features.

Appointment of anticonvulsants the treatment of epilepsy is not limited. Epilepsy dogs special diet. in which the quantity of meat food is limited. In addition, epileptic animals do not have to carry a service, visit training areas, etc. Significant physical activity is stress, and stress can provoke an epileptic seizure.

Epilepsy in dogs is a serious disease, but not as terrible as it might seem at first glance.If the time to diagnose epilepsy and start the treatment, the patient's life epilepsy dogs practically will not differ from the life of her healthy brothers in mind .