Arthritis in dogs
If your dog suddenly begins to limp, this symptom is in any case impossible to ignore, thinking: "I guess, hurt her paw, over time it will sort itself out". Claudication can be a symptom of arthritis is joint disease. What is a arthritis in dogs.
First, let's say that arthritis is not a specific disease, and a generic term for various joint diseases. It can be either an independent disease or a manifestation of another disease. Arthritis in dogs is divided into five main types.
Osteoarthritis - the most common form of arthritis in dogs. Osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage that covers the joint. It can be caused by trauma, a heavy load on the limb (due to excessive physical activity or excess weight), limb form disorder, developmental defects (for example, hip dysplasia of which many dogs are susceptible).
Another form of arthritis rheumatoid arthritis in dogs, it is more common among dogs of small and miniature breeds, although large breeds can also get sick. This is a noninfectious inflammatory chronic disease, if left untreated, the deformity of the joint may develop with time.
Acute traumatic arthritis develops as a result of mechanical damage to the joint (trauma). Typical symptoms of acute arthritis are lameness, swelling, pain, increased local temperature. If the time does not provide first aid for trauma, eventually the infection will join and inflammation will begin.
Idiopathic arthritis in dogs, it is arthritis caused by other diseases (cancer, GI disease, infection, immune system damage). However, the exact causes of arthritis in these diseases have not yet been found (or the mechanism of the occurrence of joint problems has not been adequately studied).
Finally, the most rare form of arthritis in dogs — medicinal arthritis. it is a reaction to some vaccines and medicines. Meets extremely infrequently and in any case is not a reason to abandon vaccination.
Arthritis in dogs causes them much suffering, so it is very important to recognize the disease at an early stage, in time to begin treatment. Limp the dog starts as soon as the disease progresses, there are more early the symptoms of arthritis :
- the dog became less active, gets tired quickly on walks, games be less fun
- after resting, the dog can get to her feet
- the dog was harder to walk up the stairs to get in the car or on the couch.
In older dogs, arthritis is more common than in young dogs, but a dog of any age can develop arthritis.
How to treat arthritis in dogs? The right treatment can be prescribed only by a vet after the type and cause of arthritis. Usually the treatment of arthritis in dogs include the appointment non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Note that you can not choose for yourself the dog NSAIDs: many drugs that are harmless to humans, for dogs can be toxic (for example, ibuprofen). In addition, even correctly selected NSAIDs with the wrong dosage can cause side effects, so it is very important to adhere exactly to the dosage prescribed by the doctor.
Also the veterinarian can appointspecial exercises, therapeutic massage and diet. If the dog suffers from osteoarthritis caused by excess weight, a special diet will need to be followed and after recovery to keep the dog's weight in norm and prevent a relapse of the disease.
For dogs with arthritis important moderate exercise. which should be distributed evenly (so, it is better to walk the dog several times a day, but little by little, than to bring her on one long walk). If you have slippery floors, you need recovery time pet to lay his carpet or rug.
When purulent infectious arthritis may need surgery. opening of the abscess and washing the wound with antibiotics or antiseptic solutions, after which a bandage is applied to the affected joint and antibiotics and painkillers are prescribed.
Arthritis in dogs is a disease that in any case it is impossible to neglect. At the first signs of arthritis, you need to contact the veterinarian and follow his recommendations clearly.