As a carrier of information in many gadgets (mobile phones, cameras, e-books etc.) commonly used memory cards. Sometimes it happens that the memory card device does not see, although in theory it is compatible in type and volume. In this case, it may help the formatting. How to format a memory card?

Formatting is the process of marking media, creating file system structures. When you format data it contained on the media are destroyed. Some devices (say, cameras) allow to format a memory card without a computer. simply by selecting the appropriate item in the device menu. In each device, this is done in its own way, so we advise you to simply read the instructions carefully to your phone or camera - everything should be described there.

If the "native" device refuses to format the memory card, although in theory the option is available, you can try to turn it off and then switch on again. If that does not work, you can try to find another device that supports memory cards of the appropriate type, and to format the card in it. But formatting the memory card directly in the device is not always available, so talk, how to format a memory card using the computer .

To format a memory card, you will need a card reader  - device for reading card-memory. It can be either plug-in or built-in. But if you do not have a card reader, do not despair: you can format the memory card directly in your camera (phone, player, etc.) by connecting the device to the computer with a USB data cable or USB Mass Storage, simply in this case Formatting will take longer.

The easiest way is formatting memory cards the standard Windows Explorer. For this you need to connect the card to the computer (via card reader or by connecting the device with a map). Then go to "My computer", find it in the list of disks, memory card and click the right mouse button. Select the context menu item "Format".

Opens the format dialog box, it need choose the type of file system for memory card. If the memory card is less than 2 GB, it is better to choose the file system type FAT or FAT16. For memory cards larger than 2 GB, the FAT32 file system is suitable (most likely, it will be selected by default). The remaining items can not be touched. Then just click on the "Start" button and wait for the formatting to finish.

The second option is formatting the memory card using a computer is formatting using "disk Management". To apply this method, connect the memory card to the computer and right click on the "My Computer" icon. In the context menu, select "Manage."

In the opened computer management window, find the item "Storage devices", and in it - the sub-item "Disk management". In the list of drives, find the memory card, right-click on it and select "Format".The system can warn you that the formatting process all data will be lost — just click Yes.

In the format dialog box, type the volume label (disk name), select the file system. You can also select the size of the cluster-the storage unit. But if you do not know why, you'd better leave the default value. Click OK. If the system again warns you that the formatting will destroy the data on the disk, click OK again. Now you can wait for the system to format the memory card.

You can also to format the memory card with the help of special programs. Note that some programs do not support all types of memory cards. It should also be remembered thatformatting in any way will destroy all data on the memory card. so if there is any important information, you need to make a backup before formatting it.